With fresh new evolving job types like data analyst and expert sales professionals, it is becoming gradually obvious the world of work is likely to get more specialized as the everyday transactions are controlled by machines. While machines continue to help workers examine various data and help them make the correct choice, the human workers will have to be particular in their chosen field of job to be able to make sense of the analysis and then take suitable action. This is progressively becoming true regardless of whether you are a car mechanic or head of a company.
With the varying nature of work and workplaces, business happenings are progressively being brought via a network of teams. The old-fashioned silos of divisions are being interrogated and this will mean a new set of skills are necessary at individual contributor and administrator level. As per the World Economic Forum the future of jobs report, cognitive ability such as creativity, coherent reasoning and problem understanding, will be necessary in jobs in 2020. More than 50% of jobs which need this ability do not necessitate it today or only to a lesser extent. In about 30% of jobs demand for these skills is by now high and is likely to continue so till 2020.
As skill demands are developing quickly at a collective industry level, the degree of altering skills supplies within separate job families and professions is even more marked. It is also likely that many purely technical jobs are projected to show new request for creative and social skills. For example for healthcare specialists, technological inventions could mean that with mechanized diagnostic and personalization of treatment, they need to be more skilled at cooperating this data efficiently to patients. Similarly sales and related jobs may see an better demand for creativity as the emphasis moves to buyer experience.
India is the world’s quickest rising economy, projected to grow at 7.2 percent in 2017-18, and at 7.7 percent by 2019-20. The government of India has determined plans to alter India into a modest, high-growth, high output middle-income country. The economy is now expanding from being largely agro-based to an industrial and service-based economy. These aspiring plans to change the Indian economy are extremely reliant on the accessibility of jobs and the superiority of the labour force. This has resulted in an increased demand for skilled labour over the past few years.
More than 12 million youths between 15 and 29 years of age are projected to enter India’s labour force every year for the next two decades. The government’s fresh skill gap examination accomplishes that by 2022, another 109 million or so skilled worker will be required in the 24 keys areas of the economy.
With the importance on bringing scale, speed along with values to the skill ecology and refining engagement opportunities; Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship established its flagship scheme Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY) in 2015, under which close to 50 lakh applicants have been skilled across the country. PMKVY aims to train one crore youth by 2020. More than Rs. 3000 crores have been allotted to states under PMVKY funds with a total exercise target of more than 20 lakhs between the periods of 2016-2018. MSDE has also focused on 9.33 lakh youth under the Recognition of Prior Learning (RPL) program of PMVKY which identifies and endorses skills developed through casual means, bringing about a major shift from un-organised to organised economy.
Since the beginning of MSDE, there has been a 32% increase in ITI count and 54% growth in seating capacity since 2014. Skill India has additionally reinforced the ITIs by carrying in reforms in association and examination norms, with decentralising the categorizing of ITIs to upsurge competition. This is in step with the construction of our federal organization where the role of the state is improved. Numerous MoUs have also been signed with IBM and NASSCOM to announce new-age courses in training for Industry 4.0. It is MSDE’s stated objective to have an ITI in every block and alter central institutions into National Skill Trainers’ Institute to emphasize on capacity-building of trainers.
MSDE has associated with 18 out of 20 Line Ministries running separate skill development & entrepreneurship enterprises. It wishes to generate opportunities of service by joining national mission and projects like Ministry of Power’s Saubhagya Scheme, which is meant at scaling rural electrification. MSDE will upkeep the plan by creating a workforce of 55,000 skilled technicians. Likewise, under ‘Urja Ganga Gas Pipeline Project’ of MoPNG, over 40,000 youth will be skilled over the next 10 years to upkeep the rising petroleum and natural gas sector.
To support the country’s vision, CEDP Skill Institute Mumbai is helping India’s growing young workforce acquire the market-relevant skills needed in today’s highly competitive job market. The setup will affirm the Government of India’s Skill India enterprise and try to address the twin challenge of ensuring greater access to training as well as providing quality training leading to employment.
The various programs in CEDP was built in enhancing skills and, over the last eight years of its operation, focus on the creation of high quality training packages based on market-relevant skills. It has already started helping the new labour market entrants to improve the quality of existing skills programs.
Given the importance of having people with the right skills and matching them to the right employment opportunities, skills development arises as a viable area of intervention. Skills development is a priority for governments and the private sector alike. The programs in CEDP will encourage the creation of skill development programs for women, marginalized communities, schools dropouts and people with needs to enable them to acquire the skills needed to enter today’s labour market.
As noted above, skill development and vocational education is a critical area of concern in the Indian context. As far as enrolment in vocational education and training courses is concerned, India has net enrolment of 3.5 million per year, as compared to 90 million in China and 11 million in US. India can learn from the strengths of the vocational education and training systems of other countries, namely, active participation of industry and employers to map current and future skill needs. There is need for an overarching institutional structure that has the authority and responsibility to coordinate the skill development activities of all the other agencies engaged in the same—both at the central and state levels, and to also engage with nongovernment players, including the corporate and NGO sectors.